PRAEFECTUS JUDAEORUM

PRAEFECTUS JUDAEORUM
PRAEFECTUS JUDAEORUM (Hebraeorum supremus, Obrister der Judischkait, prince des juifs, etc.), office of the leader of Jews in Hungary during the Middle Ages. It may be assumed that the position of Praefectus Judaeorum was established by the Hungarian king, Matthias Corvinus, at the suggestion of János Ernuszt, a treasurer of Jewish origin, at the time of the financial reforms (1467–76). The principal function of the Praefectus was the collection of taxes for the royal treasury. In exchange for this he enjoyed royal privileges and could effectively defend the rights of the Jews against any attack. On festive occasions, he was authorized to accompany the king with much splendor at the head of a battalion. The Praefectus governed the Jews of the country and was exempted from wearing distinctive signs. Until its abolition in 1539, this position was held by members of the mendel family . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Kohn, A zsidók története Magyarországon, 1 (1884), 212–22; S. Buechler, A zsidók története Budapesten a legrégibb idöktől 1867–ig (1901), 48–51; S. Balog, A magyarországi zsidók kamaraszolgasága és igazsászolgáltatása a középkorban (1907), 68–72; J. Hajnik, in: Akadémiai Értesitő, 5 (1866), 203–49; S. Scheiber, in: Multés Jővő, 33 (1943), 107–8; L. Zolnay, Buda kozépkori zsidósága (1968), 23–26; Magyar Zsidó Lexikon (1929), S.V. Zsidó prefektura; P. Gruenwald, in: Sefer ha-Yovel … N.M. Gelber (1963), xiii–xx (Ger.). (Andreas Kubinyi)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MENDEL — MENDEL, wealthy family prominent in Hungary in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. It appears that the family went there from Germany and they seem to have been in Buda from 1470. On the suggestion of the royal treasurer, the apostate János… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOPRON — (Ger. Oedenburg), city in W. Hungary on the Austrian border, within proximity of the Seven Communities of burgenland . Jews were living there during the 14th century, according to the prevailing custom in a Jewish street. Their residence in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ROME — ROME, capital of Italy. The Classical Period THE MIDDLE AND LATE REPUBLIC The earliest record of contact between Jews and the Roman Republic is the embassy sent by judah the Maccabee to Rome, headed by Eupolemos ben Joḥanan, and Jason ben Eleazar …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”